Baruch of Shklov (Schick, Baruch)

   Polish talmudist and scientist. He studied medicine in England and later lived in Berlin, where he wrote on astronomy, mathematics and medicine. He was dayyan at Slutsk and physician to Prince Radziwill.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • SCHICK, BARUCH BEN JACOB — (also known as Baruch Shklover, from the name of his birthplace, Shklov; 1740?–after 1812), rabbi, physician, and one of the pioneers of haskalah of Eastern Europe. Schick was ordained as a rabbi in 1764 and subsequently served as dayyan in Minsk …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHKLOV — (Pol. Szklów), city in Mogilev district, Belarus; within Poland until 1772. Jews apparently first settled in Shklov during the 16th century. By the end of the 17th century the traveler   Korb wrote (Regesty i nadpisi, 2) that the Jews formed the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JERUSALEM — The entry is arranged according to the following outline: history name protohistory the bronze age david and first temple period second temple period the roman period byzantine jerusalem arab period crusader period mamluk period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HASKALAH — (Heb. הַשְׂכָּלָה), Hebrew term for the Enlightenment movement and ideology which began within Jewish society in the 1770s. An adherent of Haskalah became known as a maskil (pl. maskilim). The movement continued to be influential and spread, with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shkloŭ — Škłoŭ ( be. Шклоў, IPA2|ʂkɫɔu̯; ru. Шклов, Shklov ) is a town in the Mogilev Province of Belarus, located 35 km north of Mogilev on the Dnieper river. It has a railway station on the line between Orsha and Mogilev. The population is 13,282… …   Wikipedia

  • LITHUANIA — (Lithuanian Lietuva; Pol. Litwa; Rus. Litva; Heb. Lita ליטא or ליטה; Yid. Lite ליטע), southernmost of Baltic states of N.E. Europe; from 1940 Lithuanian S.S.R. (for early period, see poland lithuania ). (See Map: Lithuanian Communities). For the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZEITLIN (Zeitlis), JOSHUA — (1742–1822), scholar and shtadlan . Born in Shklov, Russia, Zeitlin was the disciple of R. Aryeh Leib Gunzberg , author of Sha agat Aryeh. When the region of Belorussia was annexed by Russia (1772), he became one of the wealthiest merchants in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joshua Zeitlin — Joshua Zeitlin, ( he. יהושע צייטלין), (1742, Shklov, Belarus August 18, 1822, Kherson, Novorossiya), was a Russian rabbinical scholar and philanthropist. He was a pupil of the Talmudist Rabbi Aryeh Leib ben Asher Gunzberg who was the author of… …   Wikipedia

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